Conservation of this species is dependent on the maintenance of functional ecosystems that provide the full range of resources upon which the species depends. How does the need for nest defense alter foraging behavior? 8.) Predators Predators of the gila woodpecker can include bobcats, coyotes, hawks, housecats, snakes and fox. Gila woodpeckers can be found from southeast California, southwest Nevada, southern Arizona, southwest New Mexico, to central Mexico. They also have been known to steal dog food from backyard porches. Most species of woodpecker inhabit forest and woodland areas although oddly enough, there are a few species of woodpecker that live in areas such as deserts and on hillsides, where there are no trees at all. In the Sonoran Desert they often make these cavities in saguaro cactus. With the saguaro tissue serving as insulation, these cavities provide safety from predators and refuge from extreme temperatures. They love to eat bugs, any kind of bugs. Predators of the Gila woodpecker are snakes, coyotes, bobcats, hawks, housecats, and foxes. They have also been know to love the fruit of the cacti out in the desert. Gila Woodpeckers eat mainly insects, but they will also eat cactus fruits, mistletoe berries and other seasonal fruits. Competition for nest cavities by non-native species is an ongoing threat in urbanized areas. For more insight on the Gila Woodpecker, just keep reading. Home Woodpeckers nest in cavities that they excavate with their long beak. Gila Woodpecker . Did you know…? The excavated cavity is called a "boot". Gila Woodpecker (Melanerpes uropygialis) This common Sonoran Desert woodpecker makes nest cavities in the sides of saguaros inbetween the skin and the inner ribs (the outer cortex) of the cactus. Geographical Distribution: Gila Woodpeckers are distributed in the regions of southeast California, southern Arizona, southwest Nevada, and some parts of Mexico. Acorn woodpeckers, like many other species, are threatened by habitat loss and degradation. You will find much more information that will be exciting to you. snakes and large birds although many other species of animal will prey on the woodpecker too. 7.) Adaptations: This species of woodpecker is characterized by having very flexible head and neck muscles, a long, pointed beak, and a long tongue that can withstand the pressure of pecking into hard materials like trees. The main predators of the woodpecker include wild cats, foxes, rats. It makes its own home in cacti by pecking away at it until a hole is left. They have adapted to human populations by learning to hang onto backyard hummingbird feeders and lick up the sugary water. The Gila Woodpecker and Gilded Flicker, however, peck holes into the saguaro, creating new niches for themselves and for other desert dwellers. The inside of a cactus provides a safe, cool place for the woodpeckers to raise their young. 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