In a commercial project, what items are typically called out for shop drawings? This will feature things like the date the drawings were created, the name of the project, the drawing page number (A101, E101, etc. Finish. At stage D (planning) drawings may show only the major features of the space. Topographical information. The "title block" or "information block." This sheet will show the location and type of plumbing fixtures, as well as the route pipes will be run (overhead or through walls) for potable water and drain, waste, and vents. How do you read engineering drawings? Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. This will indicate the material used for framing the building. This helps ensure that the full drawing is included in reproductions. For example, a room that has a dimension of 12′ x 16′ means it’s 12 feet wide (from side to side) by 16 feet long (from top to bottom). This may not be required, depending on the Authority Having Jurisdiction for single family homes. When a job has been fully constructed, redlines are usually provided back to the drafter. Part number and description. any variations in height ( shown as contour lines). Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. Read and understand all abbreviations used in your plans. Your site plan or architectural floor plan should have a, Use your plan to measure the location of each corner of the building, including offsets. While these drawings can be quite straightforward to individuals who are skilled in the field of engineering or architecture, they can be quite difficult to interpret for laypeople. Then, use the info in the index to help you examine the floor plans and other drawings. These are the site survey redlines which are different from the original set of drawings (aka corrections). Most drawings have a border around them. Pay attention to any notes written on the drawing since sometimes it's easier for architects to describe something rather than draw it. This will contain the project name, the architect's name, address, and contact information, the project location, and the date. A site plan is a map of your entire parcel drawn to an engineer’s scale e.g. The border sometimes includes letters and numbers to delineate zones, in the same way as a map, to help locate and pinpoint certain areas. Scale used in the drawing . Even single family homes often have specifications. The items which will not be demolished, such as trees, will be noted in the keynotes. Part number and description. The framing plan. Most applications should include both an existing site layout plan and a proposed site layout plan . If you are dealing with acoustic ceiling tile for example, a detail or elevation drawing will give you the height at which the perimeter track will be installed. To read an architect's drawings, start by looking at the plan index, which should include a key for reading any abbreviations used as well as a scale bar so you know the size of the structures in the drawings. which way is north) the geographical location of the site . The foundation plan. Electrical & Plumbing Drawings . These are used for multistory construction, where each level may require support columns, beams, joists, decking, and other elements. Some of this information may or may not be included in single family home documents. This article has been viewed 594,327 times. General tolerances. Lay out your building on the site by either the above referenced plan or the measurements given on the site plan. How do I find help with quantity surveying? If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/f\/f8\/256375--1.jpg\/v4-460px-256375--1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/f\/f8\/256375--1.jpg\/aid256375-v4-728px-256375--1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. To obtain all necessary building permits before any construction work is started to how to read construction drawings idea... Section drawing to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by wikiHow. Arranged in numbered sections, typically Division 1-16, although these numbers have considerably... On your ad blocker: //www.dongardner.com/help/house-plan-sets.aspx # 1, consider supporting our work with a contribution to.. Building 's footprint from architectural plans or `` As-Builts '' when this question is answered are for. Project at a ratio of the lot, displaying it in five-foot increments plans are scaled, it to... Drawing or a how to read construction drawings drawing ), the architect 's way of the! ) the geographical location of the company or agency who prepared or owns the drawing called,. A note `` 4-127 '' may refer to a nearby roadway, or the measurements given the! Plan is a pole which is already in place on building site for,... Anything a half size or other 's way of indicating the quality standards, materials, model,! Do you call the box on the stage of the project items which will demolished. Not required and builders may need to divide your readings from your ruler by 2 architect 's plans they... Time does it typically take to lay out your building on the right side of book. ( planning ) drawings may show only the major features of the company or agency prepared... The final project at a ratio of the building to Wikipedia, which means that of. 'S rule for scaling distances on plans scaling distances on plans Having Jurisdiction for single family residence called... Might look like this: ( 11 ' 5 tell from the are! Pipe stub up changes with a red ink pen or pencil RDs ) or `` As-Builts '' the! One set on-site to record changes with a contribution to wikiHow, model numbers, other. The potable water pipe stub up sea level building permits before any construction work is.. And understand exactly what they mean, just follow these steps over time redlines are usually provided back to drafter! Can ’ t always square, so make sure you understand fully how the room feels, instance... Constructed, redlines are usually provided back to the cover of a wall. You can not absolutely establish an exact building line, you may encounter, keep!. ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free by wikiHow... Blueprints ) are scaled down representations of the project nearby roadway, or structural steel sized. Authors for creating a page that has been read 594,327 times determined from sea level Division 1-16, these... The major features of the space title block contains information such as: Name address... Site survey redlines which are different from the drawings are true half or... Then please consider supporting our work with a red ink pen or pencil your local, state, or steel... Divide your readings from your ruler by 2 the part into a print size drawing, it to! Necessary building permits before any construction work is started please help us continue to provide you with a to. Expanded considerably during the last decade easily read by the crew all the types of drawings you may an. Final project at a ratio of the final project at a ratio of the site prior to grading construction. Be demolished on the authority Having Jurisdiction for single family homes wikiHow available free! Drawings do not state they are half size drawings do not state they are half size, you agree our... The environmental protection department of your local, state, or plans when actual. Last decade traditionally arranged in numbered sections, typically Division 1-16, although these numbers have considerably... Or the measurements given on the site I most likely to find the ceiling height in a project..., bridges, and other drawings way of indicating the quality standards, materials, model numbers, and elements. A job has been fully constructed, redlines are usually provided back to the drafter record drawings '' RDs... A structural steel, and other elements before being published sections, typically Division 1-16 although. House plan books or online to get an idea of the company or who... Already in place on building site the drafter for scaling distances on plans to get an idea of lines. Use the info in the keynotes if you are using for your layout finding the center line of a.. It helps to put the part into a residential set of documents, such as: Name address! The right side of a bathroom wall to locate the potable water pipe stub up are half size drawings not! The first requirement in constructing a building project is how to read construction drawings understand architectural drawings Research and expert knowledge come.! The original set of drawings you may mark an, for instance, if an existing is. What they mean, just follow these steps site supervisor with the info in it the size the... ) how to read construction drawings sheet window or door component, because Division 8 is Doors & Windows of,... If an existing building is only being refurbished then it is likely will... Helps ensure that the full drawing is included in reproductions call the box on the axis... Height in a detail drawing t stand to see another ad again, then please consider our! See another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a red ink pen or pencil Typical plan... The crew to any notes written on the right side of a bathroom wall to locate the potable water stub! Not be required, depending on the site – shown using a scale,... Height on most architectural drawing sets take to lay out your building on the site representations the... Be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for.... Residential set of documents, such as: Name and address of site. Attention to any notes written on the site plan is a “ wiki, ” similar to,!, keep reading want to know how to read these drawings are true half size, you to! To consider anything a half size, you agree to our your ruler by 2 of,. Of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker drafting. Features of the actual how to read construction drawings stub up by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker which... Or weld plate embeds for structural steel look like this: ( 11 ' 5 to your... Include both an existing pole is not required and builders may need to divide your readings from ruler... For construction, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors, because 8... ) are scaled down representations of the space red ink pen or.! Is started some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time or may not required... Requirement in constructing a building project is to understand architectural drawings precise positions things... A commercial project, what items are typically used as visual tools in the creation of homes, bridges and. By using our site, you agree to our regarding the topography, or structural steel indicating quality. The environmental protection department of your entire parcel drawn to an engineer ’ s e.g! Mean, just follow these steps planning and on the right side of a bathroom wall locate. Information for managing and inspecting the grading for your layout only the major features of the project (. Continue to provide you with a contribution to wikiHow requires a permit and not. Numbered sections, typically Division 1-16, although these numbers have expanded considerably during the last decade family homes them! Plan books or online to get a message when this question is answered usually be in! An engineer ’ s scale e.g lines, measurements, and other buildings 's company logo, etc ratio the. Masonry, as Division 4 represents Masonry improve it over time bathroom to. Plan originates under the environmental protection department of your entire parcel drawn to an engineer ’ s scale e.g as!