[61], In the US, avocados are grown in California and Florida, where land, labor, and water are expensive. Several cold-hardy varieties are planted in the region of Gainesville, Florida, which survive temperatures as low as −6.5 °C (20 °F) with only minor leaf damage. This is often done by removing the pit from a ripe, unrefrigerated avocado fruit. But it is common for people to mistake avocados for a vegetable, nut, or drupe. It can be dangerous if she actually ingests tree nuts but doesn't respond to just being around them. [69], In addition to the fruit, the leaves of Mexican avocados (Persea americana var. This is problematic, as field preservation of living cultivars is expensive, and habitat loss threatens wild cultivars. CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (, Sumario de la natural historia de las Indias, Learn how and when to remove this template message, American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul, "Growing avocados: flowering, pollination and fruit set", "Domestication and Significance of Persea americana, the Avocado, in Mesoamerica", 10.3100/1043-4534(2007)12[325:TAPALC]2.0.CO;2, "Simple technologies and diverse food strategies of the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene at Huaca Prieta, Coastal Peru", "El aguacate: Oro verde de México, orgullo de Michoacán", "Why the Avocado Should Have Gone the Way of the Dodo", "Avocado: The Early Roots of Avocado History", "All About Avocados: History of the Hass Avocado", Nahuatl Dictionary/Diccionario del náhuatl, "Twiggy squares up to Sainsbury's in the avocado wars", "Avocado holds promise for Wayanad farmers", "How much water does it take to grow an avocado? [79], Avocado leaves, bark, skin, or pit are documented to be harmful to animals; cats, dogs, cattle, goats, rabbits,[80] rats, guinea pigs, birds, fish, and horses[47][81] can be severely harmed or even killed when they consume them. In Morocco, a similar chilled avocado and milk drink is sweetened with confectioner's sugar and flavored with a touch of orange flower water. 305-328. In Step Wise Protocols for Somatic Embryogenesis of Important Woody Plants, pp. [13] A water jar shaped like an avocado, dating to AD 900, was discovered in the pre-Incan city of Chan Chan. Fruit. Certain cultivars, such as the 'Hass', have a tendency to bear well only in alternate years. The pit germinates in normal soil conditions or partially submerged in a small glass (or container) of water. [citation needed], Avocado trees are vulnerable to bacterial, viral, fungal, and nutritional diseases (excesses and deficiencies of key minerals). [84] The manufacturer says the avocado's leaves and pit are the source of toxicity, and only in the Guatemalan variety of avocados, and the fruit is often eaten by orchard dogs as well as wildlife such as bears and coyotes. Tree nuts are a common allergen reported to cause fatal and During the coronavirus pandemic, Mexican avocado farmers slowed harvesting thinking that consumption would drop. Historically attested varieties (which may or may not survive among horticulturists) include the 'Challenge', 'Dickinson', 'Kist', 'Queen', 'Rey', 'Royal', 'Sharpless', and 'Taft'. Avocado is the official fruit of the state of California.[49]. Why do Avocados Cause Itchiness of the Mouth, Tongue, and Throat? The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. The earliest known written use in English is attested from 1697 as "avogato pear", a term which was later corrupted as "alligator pear". The two flowering types are A and B. A-cultivar flowers open as female on the morning of the first day and close in late morning or early afternoon.