Japanese weasels live by themselves, with the except when mating, and raising the young ones. They eat small mammals (like mice, squirrels, lemmings, rabbits, and hares), birds, frogs, lizards, insects, carrion (dead meat that they find). [2], The mating season is from early May to late June. Their necks are long, their heads small and triangular; eyes are small in relation to head size, and the ears, set low on the skull, are rounded and well-furred. Females like to eat insects, fruits and earthworms.[2]. The Japanese weasel (Mustela Itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Mustelidae. After mating, gestation takes about 30 days. In Greek culture, a weasel near one’s house is a sign of bad luck, even evil, “especially if there is in the The offspring … The fur is orange-brown with darker markings. Weasels often kill more prey than they can eat, storing the overkill for later consumption. Weasels are carnivores who eat over 40% of their own body weight each day. After catch­ing and eat­ing the prey, Japan­ese weasels usually enjoy the warmth of the prey's nest after eat­ing. The English word “weasel” was originally applied to one species of the genus, the European form of the least weasel. Major habitats are plains, but in western Japan it mainly lives in mountainous areas. Weasels are active in both winter and summer; they do not hibernate. Weasels often prey on animals larger than themselves. Japanese weasels are sexually mature at one year old.[2]. In the past century Japanese weasels have been introduced to many small Japanese islands to kill rats that were damaging crops. Weasels have a lifespan of up to 2 – 3 years in the wild, up to 10 years in captivity. Adult males of the Japanese weasel can reach 35 centimetres (14 inches) in body length with a tail length of up to 17 centimetres (6.7 inches). Japanese weasels are small carnivorous mammals native to Japan. Anywhere prey can go, the weasel can follow. It lives in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan. Japanese weasels are also trapped and used in the fur trade. They can be found all across the world except for Antarctica, Australia, and neighbouring islands. The main threat to Japanese weasels is habitat loss because of residential and commercial development. Their short legs have five small-clawed toes on each foot. This page was last changed on 3 September 2020, at 16:27. When scared, weasels release musk to discourage predators. They are known to be territorial, defending their home ranges when invaded. Breeding season is twice a year in Kyushu, once a year in Hokkaido. Despite this, there is no significant observable difference of tail-ratios between the sexes. Male weasels mate with multiple females and do not provide parental care. They sometimes eat berries, seeds and fruits but only when hungry. Birds of Prey such as owls, hawks and eagles that are able to spot them from high in the sky are the most common predators of the weasel, along with foxes and snakes. Weasels are small, nimble mammals of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae. Found in a range of habitats, the weasel favours good cover and plentiful prey, including woodland, grassland, sand dunes, mountains, urban areas, marshes and moors. Females in this species are smaller than males. Over the past cen­tury, they have been intro­duced to most other Japan­ese is­lands to control the population of rodents. Despite their fast and dexterous nature, the small size of Weasels means that they are preyed upon by a number of different predators throughout their natural range. Together with the use of some rodenticide, the weasels helped reduce rat populations. They chase down prey by any means, including running down tunnels, climbing trees, or swimming. Weasels have been assigned a variety of cultural meanings. Ermines are known for killing more than they can consume immediately, hence they generally hoard the remaining prey. [2], Japan­ese weasels are found in a lot of ecosys­tems in Japan. Much like their skunk relatives, weasels release foul-smelling substance from their anal glands as a defense mechanism, and perhaps even to mark their territory. Interesting facts about common seadragons, Interesting facts about Lake of the Ozarks, Interesting facts about the Mojave Desert. Many weasels grow white fur in the winter, but the tip of the tail remains black. household a girl about to be married”, since the animal (based on its Greek etymology) was thought to be an unhappy bride who was transformed into a weasel and consequently delights in destroying wedding dresses. Japanese weasels are sexually dimorphic with the males weighing approximately three times that of females. Japanese weasels also sometimes hunt domestic birds, such as chickens and ducks. In Japan, weasels were seen as yōkai(ghost, phantom), from time immemorial, and they cause various strange occurrences. They mostly eat coleoptera insects in spring, fruits in summer, orthoptera insects and crustaceans in autumn and fish and fruit in winter. The number of kits varies from 2 to 12, but is usually 5 or 6. The Japanese weasel (Mustela Itatsi) is a carnivorous mammal belonging to the family Mustelidae. Their tails may be from 3.5 to 5.2 centimeters (1.3 to 2.0 in) long; The average weasel weighs about 200 grams (7 ounces). [2] Japanese weasels help in controlling rodent and other small animal populations. Trust your own senses in regard to other people, and you will come out all right, even if it means going alone. In the Native American tradition, the weasel has the medicine for seeking out secrets. Aside from when they are mating or weaning young, weasels are solitary animals that fend for themselves in the wild. In neighboring Macedonia, however, weasels are generally seen as an omen of good fortune. Their senses of sight, smell and hearing are acute, their hunting instinct is keen, and they are active, aggressive and quick. It lives in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu of Japan. Young Weasels develop remarkably quickly and are not only weaned by the time they are two months old, but are also able to hunt small prey and will leave their mother within the next few weeks to establish a territory of their own. Weasels have brown to yellow-brown fur with paler fur on the belly. Their fur is orange-brown with darker markings on the head. Males like to eat more mammals and crustacean. Both sexes are capable of creating a smelly excretion known as muskfrom an anal gland used to repel predators which is employed by rubbing this secretion on rocks, branches and other natural obstacles. Depending on the climate and season, they may display nocturnal or diurnal behavior. One theory is that the weasel’s wacky twisting, hopping, and darting around distracts, confuses, or even hypnotizes prey animals. Home range sizes vary with habitat, population density, season, sex, food availability, and species. [2], Japanese weasels are also great hunters. Fish and insects are a part of their diet throughout all seasons. It mainly lives in moun­tain­ous and forested places near mov­ing water. In the Native American tradition, the weasel has the medicine for seeking out secrets. Short-tailed weasels are excellent hunters and prey on other smaller mammals like rats, rabbits, and squirrels. * Description: Japanese weasels are fairly small mammals in the mustelid family (a large family of animals that includes otters, badgers, stoats, polecats, martens and skunks). Major habitats are plains, but in western Japan it mainly lives in mountainous areas. Their diet changes depending on the season, the number of some foods. It takes 8 weeks to fully be weaned and live by themselves. They do not like other Japanese weasels entering their home range and will defend their home range. Their diet consists of rodents, frogs, birds, rabbits, and eggs. Weasels, stoats, and even domesticated ferrets all perform a hilarious “weasel war dance” when they’ve got their prey cornered. Their range now in­cludes Hokkaido and the many of the Ryukyu Islands. Most species have a single litter per year. In Japan, weasels were seen as yōkai(ghost, phantom), from time immemorial, and they cause various strange occurrences. The tip of the tail is often black. [2], In win­ter, these slim weasels spend most of their time under the snow chas­ing small ro­dents through a maze of tun­nels. Weasels are ferocious predators. They are both diurnal and nocturnal. This is part of what weasel teaches. The fur on the throat is usually white in color. A group of weasels can be called a boogle, gang, pack, and confusion. Trust your own senses in regard to other people, and you will come out all right, even if it means going alone. Their long slender bodies enable them to follow their prey into burrows. The least weasel is the world’s smallest mammalian carnivore. Litter size varies from 3 to 8 kittens. The young are born after a gestation period of anywhere from 35 days to more than 10 months, the latter because of delayed implantation of the fertilized egg. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Japanese_weasel&oldid=7095621, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.