You may have noticed the chord in parenthesis in the Basic I7-IV-V Blues, and now you see it again in the Basic Jazz Blues (Cmin7-F7). This tune has become... "Blues In The Closet" is a blues composed by the great bassist Oscar Pettiford. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Take some time to memorize this chord progression, because this is important to know! This adds some nice voice leading into the ii chord. Coltrane's wife, Naima, named... "Footprints" is a tune written by the great saxophonist Wayne Shorter. LJS 52: Birthday Episode feat. There are lots of chord changes and reharmonized chords. Thanks for the feedback! It’s just that those chords are the ones being used. The series of cycling chromatic ii-V’s leads into the ii (Cmin7) which leads into the V (F7). Examples include Now's the Time and Blues for Alice. This bebop tune is a 12 bar blues in the key of F. It's... © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC. Learn how your comment data is processed. His version of the blues is straight out of the bebop tradition. The blues has taken on many forms over different genres and time periods. All I see is 1-4-1-4-1-5-4-1-5 Thanks. Nat King Cole recorded it in the... Watermelon Man was written by Herbie Hancock, originally for his 1962 hit record Takin' Off. Bird refers to Charlie Parker, the iconic saxophonist who pioneered Bebop. If you learn the blues in all keys, you’ll cover V7 sounds, ii-V’s, and minor ii-V7s in every key. This is a great blues head to know and add to your repertoire. This is what we call a turnaround. To bridge the gap from the Bb7 in bar 7, the dominant VI chord is added in bar 8. When it comes to jazz, the blues is essential to study, not only because it’s so influential in jazz, but because it’s a study in jazz harmony in itself. It came straight out of the oppression of the working fields, where the slaves combined African music traditions, spirituals, and African-American work songs. C could be acceptable too, but I find that the most common keys for blues in jazz are Bb, Eb, F, and G. C comes up as well. Hancock wrote this tune with the intention of marketing... "Freight Trane" was written by the great pianist Tommy Flanagan for John Coltrane, as the title suggests. Blue Monk is a great blues written by Thelonious Monk. It first appeared on his 1966 record "Adams Apple". Songs included in major fake book publications (sheet music collections of popular tunes) and jazz reference works offer a rough guide to which songs are considered standards. Surely putting it in C would have made it more accessible for learning purposes? Often there was a “call and response” element and no strict form. Understanding the construction and harmonic movement of the blues is important, but then you need to start improvising over it. If you don’t know who he is, be sure to look him up! When it come to jazz improvisation, I have a special rule: In other words, you could learn all of the licks and tricks you want, but if you don’t understand how jazz harmony works you won’t ever truly get it. Circled is the I, IV7 and the V chord. They like to add even more changes into the blues. They are being targeted by a series of other progressions that eventually resolve to them. He is the head blogger and podcast host for learnjazzstandards.com which he owns and operates. If you master jazz blues you will have an UNFAIR advantage with all of the rest of jazz improv. For example, the I chord is a dominant chord as well as the IV chord. It is a 12 bar blues with a V7 to bVI7... "Au Private" was written in 1951 by the great Charlie Parker. Blues. © Copyright 2018 - Learn Jazz Standards, LLC, 4 Blues Chord Progressions You Need to Know. This tune was originally recorded in the key of Ab,... "All Blues" was written by Miles Davis for his 1959 best-selling record, "Kind Of Blue". Hey, good question! The turnaround at the end now has a VI chord added in bar 11. Sometimes it’s also called a “Bebop Blues”. My free masterclass “Boost Your Jazz Blues” is 40 minutes of in-depth training where I teach you how to master a jazz blues without relying on … Instead of going to the V chord in bar 9, they play a ii-V into the I7 chord in bar 11. The blues is a short form that is repeated many times throughout the duration of a song. A good example is Blues for Alice. In this lesson, we will be dealing with chords by numbers. All Blues Easy G Blues in 6/4 (can be felt in 3/4 also) by Miles Davis from his classic album “Kind of Blue.” Autumn Leaves A classic that transitions between the relative major and minor. Many jazz blues standards are written with these changes. I have this lead sheet in concert Bb, as this is a popular blues key in jazz. In bar 8, the iii chord is added with the VI. Now let’s go over the Basic Jazz Blues. 20 Jazz Standards for Beginners. It’s called a Bird Blues. Is there a reason you placed this in Bb? https://www.learnjazzstandards.com/blog/28-jazz-blues-heads-you-need-to-know Blues standards come from different eras and styles, such as ragtime-vaudeville, Delta and country blues, and urban styles from Chicago and the West Coast. Cool Blues is a blues head written by Charlie Parker. This blues form is a basic 12 bar blues, utilizing only three chords: the I7, IV7, and the V chord. In today’s lesson, I’m going to walk you through 4 different important blues chord progressions. In bar 4, a ii-V of IV7 is added, meaning that you can perceive the Fmin7-Bb7 as a ii-V- into Eb7. The 12 bar blues is one of the most standard forms in jazz. This is an A–Z list of jazz standards.It is intended to be as comprehensive a list as possible, including those pop standards and film song classics which have been sung or performed in jazz on numerous occasions and are considered part of the jazz repertoire. His nickname was “Bird,” hence Bird blues, and he took the 12 bar blues and re-harmonized it to make his version of the blues. It was recorded on his 1964 hit record "Coltrane's Sound". To bridge the gap from the Bb7 in … Trust me. If you are a horn player or other instrumentalist, be able to play the arpeggios. Plus the blues is the perfect platform to develop a melodic idea throughout a simple progression. There is no definitive list of jazz standards, and the list of songs deemed to be standards changes over time. The differences in the chord changes start in bar 8. One thing to note is that when it comes to understanding the chords by numbers in blue progressions, the diatonic series does not always represent the same quality you would see from the Major Diatonic Series (I would suggest following the link if you don’t understand chords by numbers or how to build chord progressions.). Here is a list of the 16 most important scales for jazz improvisation and the harmonic contexts in which they can be used for... For some, learning jazz can be a daunting task. Charlie Parker added all of the changes in between to lead to those chords. Instead of going to the V chord in bar 9, they play a ii-V into the I7 chord in bar 11. The blues was born out of the African slave trade in the United States. where exactly is the 1-4-5 sequence? Things Ain't What They Used To Be was written by Mercer Ellington in 1941. They represent the best known and most interpreted blues songs that are seen as having permanent value. Those are the important chords that were present in the Basic I7-IV7-V Blues, although Parker changed the I7 chord into a major I chord. On the next page, you’ll see a Bird Blues and I will circle the important blues chords so that you can see where he got them from. There are a lot of possibilities for adding and re-harmonizing this chord progression, but there are certain additions to the blues in particular that jazz musicians like to use. The ii-V of vi is a detour that leads into the ii-V of IV7. He actively performs around the New York metropolitan area and is the author of the Hal Leonard publication "Visual Improvisation for Jazz Guitar." We call these chords target chords. Examples include Now’s the Time and Blues for Alice. 12-bar blues is the most common form in jazz. To get from the end back to the beginning, you can add a turnaround such as a ii-V to get back to the top. The blues is most commonly a 12 bar form, though you can find tunes with different variations. He's also the host of the music entrepreneurship podcast "Passive Income Musician.".