This was due to the large number of aromatic plants that grew on this archipelago. Arab traders sailed east to trading centers in India, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), and the Spice Islands.After loading up their ships, they sailed west again. These spices could be obtained only through the Arab spice trade. People used spices to flavour their food and make them taste better. This group, known as the Malay Archipelago, contains more than thirteen thousand islands.Some, like Sumatra and Java, are large. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. ... thus this conflict was the catalyst to the Age of Exploration. What the Fuss Was All About — The Spice Islands The Molucca Islands were an archipelago near to the Celebes known in the Middle Ages as the source for the wildly expensive spices of Nutmeg and Mace. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. There they sold the spices to merchants from Venice and other parts of Italy.The Arab traders made huge profits from this exchange. In the 16th century, the Moluccas were nicknamed the "Spice Islands". Of all the spice-bearing islands, the Maluku Islands are probably the most famous. Getting the spices to Europe took a lot of time and effort.Distances were great, and travel back and forth was dangerous.As a result, spices were very expensive. During the Middle Ages, the spice trade was controlled by Arab traders. In medieval Europe, however,people relied on spices not only to flavor their food, but also as a way to preserve it. At the time, the Mongols controlled much of Asia and part of Europe. Gathered in pans, we leave it in the warm sun and gentle breeze to evaporate. The Spice of Life History can be changed by many things. Because it can easily be argued that the United States exists today because medieval Europeans liked spicy food. Marco’s father and uncle served as military advisers to the Great Khan. Many of the most desirable spices come from the islands of present-day Indonesia.Indonesia is an archipelago, or chain of islands. After many clashes, the Dutch emerged victorious in 1663. The islands that were formerly called the Spice Islands are now called the Moluccas. The remaining footprint is compensated through eco-social projects. It is perhaps not an exaggeration to say that the desire to reach the Spice Islands led to the European exploration of the entire planet. Some were used to preserve food and make it last longer. When the overland trade routes that had existed in Roman times opened up again, they set out to find the legendary markets of the East. Once they had acquired the spices, the Venetian merchants could set whatever prices and taxes they pleased. Mainly the Dutch continued to remain in control of the islands, and the majority of the other 17,000 islands in Indonesia, until the country became a republic in its own right in 1950. The Age of Exploration ended in the early 17th century after technological advancements and increased knowledge of the world allowed Europeans to travel easily across the globe by sea. In this 3 minute video I review the geography, history, and significance of the Spice Islands. What factors encouraged European exploration Spices, new trade routes, luxury items from Asia Moluccas An island chain in Indonesia where spices were found (spice islands) Prince Henry Led the way in sponsoring in Portugal. The spice trade was associated with overland routes early on but maritime routes proved to be the factor which helped the trade grow. The age of exploration (or discovery) was fueled by many factors. They controlled the market not only for nutmeg and cloves from the Spice Islands, but also for ginger from China and cinnamon from India. Pelegdesign Major Pepper Salt and Pepper Shakers, Zotter Chocolate Organic Balleros Peanuts + Salt, Zotter Chocolate Organic Peanut Butter Crema, Rules & Conditions for Facebook Competitions. Nutmeg and cloves largely drove the spice trade. At the same time, they resented the high cost of doing business with Venetian merchants. The Mongols made the roads safe for travelers, and many adventurers were anxious to seek their fortunes. While searching for the Spice Islands, these explorers found lands, oceans, and peoples that they never knew existed. His cellmate was a writer from the city of Pisa. Spice trade was encouraged by the native people for a very long time before the first Europeans set foot on the islands. Additional fees may be charged for special delivery services including the shipment of produce or bulky goods. Individual pages signify the copyright for the content on that page. From The Age of Exploration, originally published by the Core Knowledge Foundation under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International license. A battle,an election, an earthquake, or even a rainstorm can alter the course of events. The cookies serve to, for instance, save the items that you have placed in the shopping cart. The following services are used on this website: Google Analytics, Google Ads, Facebook Pixel, Microsoft Bing. Different spices come from different places. Spices led to the creation of vast empires and powerful cities.. Employing cookies that are absolutely necessary guarantee that the website can be used with the relevant functions as intended. We use thrid-party cookies and pixels to improve our services, display relevant advertisements and obtain usage statistics. Kublai Khan took a liking to Marco. Rainfall can be as much as 320 inches a year on the forested mountain slopes. Let's start at the beginning though. New technologies made nautical navigation easier than ever, a few countries had the means to expand their empires, and the spice and silk trades were hotter than a blacksmith’s forge. a net profit of 500 gold ducats still remained. Soon after, he was captured during a war with a neighboring city. The fight to take control of this "spice monopoly" flared up between Europeans until it became a major issue in 1512. After Vasco da Gama discovered a sea route to India, it wasn't long before other expeditions made their way further east and discovered the Spice Islands. The Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan wanted to find the first western route to the Spice Islands for the glory of Spain. Others hoped to find sources of the world’s most exotic spices. Without refrigerators or other cold storage, medieval Europeans used spices to extend the time period during which meats and other foods could be stored and then safely eaten before turning rotten. Proceeds are donated to charity. Daytime temperatures are between 70° and 90°F year-round. Europe’s desire for cheaper spices sparked the Age of European Exploration and its settlement of the Americas. Some went to trade for silk, gems, porcelain, and tea. Free delivery to United Kingdom from £42.90 *, Secure Payment using SSL Encryption Technology. And at the time, the exact location of the Spice Islands was a closely guarded secret. Spice Islands (Moluccas): 250 Years of Maps (1521–1760) The Indonesian archipelago of the Moluccas (or Maluku Islands), commonly referred to as the Spice Islands, lies on the equator north of Australia and west of New Guinea. The equator runs through the Malay Archipelago, just south of the Malay Peninsula. But would you ever have thought that peppercorns and cinnamon sticks could lead to one of history’s great developments? Data protection information, We collect User Journey data to display relevant sponsored content linked to our products.