We need to think about, how do we educate our population to prepare them for this new kind of world where they can still be productive? We don’t even know if he speaks English. All Rights Reserved. So then I just didn’t go to Sweden. Venki Ramakrishnan: I think there are two kinds of prizes in the Nobel. I have nothing against people of whatever religion they have. We don’t have one on campus, and anyway, what’s this neutron scattering going to do for biology? But the fact is that it was only discovered a couple of years ago. He found the teaching of life sciences — botany and zoology — tedious and old-fashioned and was more excited by the newly introduced physics curriculum. And that was the big mystery. By 2007, his laboratory had determined the atomic structure of the entire ribosome, discoveries that not only yield insight into protein synthesis but expand our understanding of the antibiotic function. Your university might tide you over for just a short bit, but then they want you to do something else and so on. I was something of a rebel as a school kid. He saw advantages to both the UK and the EU for Britain to continue to be engaged in Galileo and Euratom, which, unlike the European Medicines Agency, are not EU agencies. You often get a day or two, but that means you have to work nonstop around the clock. Sometimes those discoveries come in surprising ways. So I think it’s a bit like that. Venki Ramakrishnan: I should say it happened in two stages. Humans are a mixture of being competitive and cooperative. What qualities are necessary to be a scientist? So if we’re pushing the limits of what crystallography could do, you want people around who really understand the technique and can help you if there are technical problems. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, byname Venki Ramakrishnan, (born 1952, Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, India), Indian-born physicist and molecular biologist who was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, along with American biophysicist and biochemist Thomas Steitz and Israeli protein crystallographer Ada Yonath, for his research into the atomic structure and function of cellular … The following year, his laboratory determined the complete molecular structure of the 30S subunit of the ribosome and its complexes with several antibiotics. So that’s one aspect, but then there are lots and lots of scientists who’ve made important contributions, like the person who figured out — or the two people who figured out — that you should use this compound to get a great signal. So it must have come from a world before there were any proteins. I couldn’t figure out where it was going. There are lots of things to think about. When Venki, as he prefers to be called, was three years old, the family settled in Baroda (now known as Vadodara) in the state of Gujarat, where his father took up an appointment as head of the newly created Department of Biochemistry at the University of Baroda. You have to think of it as a molecular machine that’s moving along, making protein according to instructions in our genes. I think certainly I would have been happy as a high school science and math teacher. So you’re never allowed to build a big empire there. This is a terrible use of antibiotics because it’s a guarantee that you can get resistance and spread of resistance.  Then he spent two years studying biology as a graduate student at the University of California, San Diego while making a transition from theoretical physics to biology. It’s an entire community that creates the breakthrough. They were good ideas, and some parts were right, but the field, I think, had moved on.  Ramakrishnan is also known for his past work on histone and chromatin structure. As part of his research, Ramakrishnan took part in work being done at Brookhaven National Laboratory using neutron scattering to observe the position of molecules in living cells. So, many years later, I decided — almost 25 years later — I decided to join a sort of effort about — there was initially only one group working on it, out of Ada Yonath, in Germany and Israel. Part of it is, my thesis problem was something I was not that interested in. There were people there who are real experts in crystallography, and this is a bit like — if you’ve ever been on a long expedition in a vehicle — you’d want to take along people who really know about auto mechanics, in case your car breaks down in the middle of the Sahara Desert or something like that, right? Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Premio Nobel per la chimica 2009 Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (Chidambaram, 1952) è un chimico biologo indiano naturalizzato britannico, vincitore del premio Nobel per la chimica nel 2009 assieme a Thomas Arthur Steitz e Ada Yonath per i suoi studi sulla struttura e sulla funzione dei ribosomi. Then I also applied to four-year colleges. He continued to work on ribosomes from 1983-95 as a staff scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratory. Following his pre-science at the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, he did his undergraduate studies in the same university on a National Science Talent Scholarship, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics in 1971. Cited by. Venki Ramakrishnan: The ribosome, in a way, goes back to a world even before there was DNA or protein because it is the ribosome that evolved to make proteins. Suddenly, in the same lifetime, Newton and Leibniz discovered calculus. 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