Farming dates back as far as the Neolithic, being one of the defining characteristics of that era. Starting even a small farm requires considerable initial capital. Farmers often specialize in one type of animal in this field, carefully breeding the livestock to produce the best quality offspring each season. For example, those who raise grazing livestock, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses, are known as ranchers (U.S.), graziers (Australia & U.K.), or simply stockmen. Click on each type to learn what they do. By the Bronze Age, the Sumerians had an agriculture specialized labor force by 5000–4000 BCE, and heavily depended on irrigation to grow crops. [5], More distinct terms are commonly used to denote farmers who raise specific domesticated animals. Dirt farmer is an American colloquial term for a practical farmer, or one who farms his own land.[6]. A modern-day farmer produces enough food to feed well over a hundred people. Where a farmer works is based on which area of the agricultural industry they choose to work. To get a sense of how you are likely to respond to the demands of farming, consider your answers to the following set of questions: Are you comfortable being solely responsible for an entire operation? Besides the general knowledge of planting dates, breeding cycles and harvesting periods, a farmer often needs a good working knowledge of mechanics in order to keep their equipment running and in optimal order. In developed nations, however, a person using such techniques on small patches of land might be called a gardener and be considered a hobbyist. Sheep, goat, and cattle farmers might also be referred to respectively as shepherds, goatherds, and cowherds. Farmers must constantly watch the markets to try to get the best price for their products and find the lowest prices for seed, fertilizer, and equipment. Please note that this number is derived from the data we have collected from our Sokanu members only. Many farmers are born into a family farming business. Cash crop farmers will need a strong working knowledge of planting times, harvesting times, and weather patterns in order to gain a good footing in their field. Duties during these periods can often take from early morning to late evening. Alternatively, growers who manage farmland for an absentee landowner, sharing the harvest (or its profits) are known as sharecroppers or sharefarmers. Alternatively, one might be driven into such practices by poverty or, ironically—against the background of large-scale agribusiness—might become an organic farmer growing for discerning/faddish consumers in the local food market. It has a very steep learning curve. Agriculturer Among the factors that can affect a farmer’s livelihood are climate change, government mandates and regulations, and global trade policies. This prevailing characteristic is reflective of much of the work that farmers are called upon to do: investigate suitable land, examine crops, inspect livestock, analyze budgets, and explore marketing options. There are several kinds of farmers ranging from farmers who raise animals to farmers who grow crops. Take our free career test to find out if farmer is one of your top career matches.  Bring your pet to work In the context of developing nations or other pre-industrial cultures, most farmers practice a meager subsistence agriculture—a simple organic-farming system employing crop rotation, seed saving, slash and burn, or other techniques to maximize efficiency while meeting the needs of the household or community. The term usually applies to people who do some combination of raising field crops, orchards, vineyards, poultry, or other livestock. by labor and attention, land or crops or raises animals (as livestock or fish). A farmer has various responsibilities within their particular field. A reasonable level of physical fitness is crucial. The work of farmers is necessary for human survival. A person who raises a variety of vegetables for market may be called a truck farmer or market gardener. They love to watch and nurture the growth of plants. A farmer in this field will be responsible for the planting, fertilization, and harvesting of the crops, as well as transport to the proper production elevators for sale at harvest. Sheep, goat, and cattle farmers might also be referred to respectively as shepherds, goatherds, and cowherds. - Wendell Berry. A farmer's main goal is to produce a good crop and/or healthy animals in order to make a living and to feed the population. Hazards: Handling livestock, using various chemicals, and operating and repairing farming machinery and equipment can be hazardous. Are you able to accept uncertainty and variability in your life? Do you have enough money to invest in farming? Farmers rank highly among careers. [2] The Ancient Egypt farmers farmed and relied and irrigated their water from the Nile. The Grange movement in the United States was effective in advancing farmers' agendas, especially against railroad and agribusiness interests early in the 20th century.  Stay fit Here we will outline just a few of the many options available, to include fish farming, cash crop farming, animal husbandry, and livestock production. In the area of cash crop farming - Farmers who concentrate on livestock might breed and raise their own animals, although … The success of most small farms rests entirely with their owner(s), who are typically responsible for both day-to-day operations and long-term planning.  Join a close knit community Clearly, ‘investigative’ perfectly describes the quintessential farmer. [9] Farmers can encounter and be stung or bitten by dangerous insects and other arthropods, including scorpions, fire ants, bees, wasps, and hornets. The first farmers began by taming animals and growing small crops. They love the weather, maybe even when it is making them miserable." There are several occupational hazards for those in agriculture; farming is a particularly dangerous industry. Agricultural producers, both small and large, are represented globally by the International Federation of Agricultural Producers (IFAP), representing over 600 million farmers through 120 national farmers' unions in 79 countries.[8]. They love to work outdoors. Does this sound like you? However, some authors consider this estimate to be flawed, as it does not take into account that farming requires energy and many other resources which have to be provided by additional workers, so that the ratio of people fed to farmers is actually smaller than 100 to 1. They tend to be enterprising individuals, which means they’re adventurous, ambitious, assertive, extroverted, energetic, enthusiastic, confident, and optimistic. A poultry farmer is one who concentrates on raising chickens, turkeys, ducks, or geese, for either meat, egg, or feather production, or commonly, all three. You have to buy materials and equipment. Also, some offspring may be sold to other farms who specialize in livestock production to be raised for a specific production purpose. If you feel comfortable with the demands raised by the above questions, you may be further motivated to become a farmer by these simple, but attractive benefits of the occupation:  Escape the office Farm Owner Farming, or agriculture, has been around for about 10,000 years. Farmed products might be sold either to a market, in a farmers' market, or directly from a farm. 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