Leaders can influence the followers’ behavior in some ways. As a process -focusing on what leaders do; leadership is the use of no coercive influence to shape the group or organizational goals, motive behavior towards the achievement of those goals and help define a group or organizational culture. There can be leaders of completely unorganized groups, but there can be managers only of organized groups. Leadership is the ability of a superior to influence the behavior of a subordinate or group and persuade them to follow a particular course of action. Thus leaders are people who can influence the behaviors of others without having to rely on force or people whom others accept as leaders. An analysis of the definitions cited above reveals the following important characteristics of leadership: 1. Nature and Characteristics of Leadership. This involves the process of leader-ship and the choice of an appropriate form of behaviour. �̈_U��������,S�j�Y�Ez���=�q��ܶ/#;'�䡦>"��>��Z/u�^��m��6�T-$!����h)�s��%��"*�m�(�. Leadership is the set of characteristics attributed to individuals who are perceived to be leaders. Leadership style is the result of the leader’s philosophy, personality, value system, and experience. Leaders need to make positive statements of ethics if they are not hypocritical. Moreover, people tend to follow those whom they see as providing a means of achieving their desires, needs and wants. Leadership is to be concerned about values. Leadership derives from the power and is similar to, yet distinct from, management. The different types of leadership may be discussed under the following heads: So it can be described as leading a process by which a person leads others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. It also depends on the types of followers and organizational atmosphere prevailing in the enterprise. As a process, leadership involves the use of no coercive influence to direct & coordinate the activities of the members of an organized group towards the achievement of group objectives. Ideally, people should be encouraged to develop not only a willingness to work but also a willingness to work with confidence and zeal. Keith Devis said that leadership is the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically toward objectives. The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager because she/he has to combine resources and lead a group to achieve objectives. The behavioral pattern which the leader reflects in his role as a leader is often described as the style of leadership. According to Koontz and Donnell, the act of leadership is the process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of the group goal. The Nature of Leadership What is the nature of leadership and the leadership process? Leadership involves an unequal distribution of power between leaders and group members. • The controversy about differences between leadership and management • The different indicators used to assess leadership effectiveness • What aspects of leadership have been studied the most during the past 50 years? }����Ay��U;���G�\K���?�[�b?-FT����k�9.��*��������b�~&�B�w�Wq���t����k��բiT���Q2SdS��2���cp(�Ot 9/O}C.��`�_����U�� DK�>�ij ���Q�~�� �N�D�9�(�-�r���J�J �i��&��i�Ex�=;R��0��#�F��N]�e96Y��e?��Δ� �����l+F1g��:cƙ8c�@�����K��c�S���Y�Xɑ7�r͒�;OҔஉ��+�ƌX퀲h0c�N�x�N��a/�B �sR�O��3�(�e�Dc3u����GU�рڗ���j:���������xBKV]���l���*K�P��vÏ�/�Y�&�|[�ZR��p@�av��c��L�=��������BM��F�]'� K���k�E�I ��$#)�3�Sl�f��������� Hu.���|$TU��Z0����K`Y������3^+�ڮ�4���s|Z��{��\`��!8�O����ԋ�q�D�e�����h"w4�'���g�]�Ќ�fQt�fgÕ�1gbר�P�QF����m�d��Ʀ�{yJ����ŷH�F3Ϡ�%X�CQ��(ILt���p�i��E����р�C���:�롟�Hb�Q�$`ޙowfq�7�� ��hɟ�h&lс�]j�J�x{����[���j3 Leadership is situation bound. You are a natural leader if people follow you if you don't have a title of a leader. To me, leadership is a very personal matter: it cannot be taught, though principles can be imparted; it cannot be assumed with the mantle of authority invested by position. It all depends upon tackling with the situations. For our purpose, we may define leadership as the process of directing and influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically towards the achievement of group objectives. 58 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 60 /H [ 902 470 ] /L 85017 /E 30323 /N 12 /T 83739 >> endobj xref 58 25 0000000016 00000 n 0000000847 00000 n 0000001372 00000 n 0000001526 00000 n 0000001673 00000 n 0000002520 00000 n 0000003053 00000 n 0000005569 00000 n 0000005998 00000 n 0000006071 00000 n 0000006358 00000 n 0000007208 00000 n 0000007569 00000 n 0000007787 00000 n 0000007982 00000 n 0000008839 00000 n 0000009309 00000 n 0000010159 00000 n 0000010541 00000 n 0000010619 00000 n 0000017539 00000 n 0000021378 00000 n 0000026572 00000 n 0000000902 00000 n 0000001351 00000 n trailer << /Size 83 /Info 57 0 R /Root 59 0 R /Prev 83729 /ID[<3f62b670e614e4906985750b6c58d44d><3f62b670e614e4906985750b6c58d44d>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 59 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 55 0 R >> endobj 81 0 obj << /S 353 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 82 0 R >> stream Followers learn ethics and values from their leaders. In other words, it is the willingness of people to follow a person that makes that person a leader. THE NATURE OF LEADERSHIP • Why leadership has been defined in so many different ways? In the course of his survey of leadership theories and research; Stogdill came across innumerable definitions of leadership. Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically. Leaders are the real teachers of ethics, and they can reinforce ideas. The essence of leadership is followership. ��A�Kr��3�_� /�B|DqpG�$ �"Oh僿9��j�� �ǩ_E��ڊ~84�՟��q�~��{���B���E!��=����=+� /lʓ I5��އ���:��u�>(R�� L��J���эMղSՏ��$ʂ�?V��^��5��Z"��l��F�t{6"ܪ��s36bpL��r.���Y�k7�N��[%!>d?l�+������U� A leader acts to help a group achieve objectives through the exploitation of its maximum capabilities. Leadership is the potential to influence the behavior of others. Leading is a very demanding job both physically and psychologically. DEFINITIONS OF LEADERSHIP 4. The many definitions of leadership each have a different emphasis. �"6���w�?��D� Leadership Continuum: Tannenbaum and Schmidt Leadership Continuum, Leadership: Definition, Nature, Styles of Leadership, Difference Between Transactional and Transformational Leadership, Transformational Leadership: Definition, Examples, Elements, Advantages, Disadvantages, Transactional Leadership - Definition, Types, Characteristics, Examples, Managerial Grid Model of Leadership Explained, Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles Explained, 4 Functions of Management Process: Planning, Organizing, Leading, Controlling, Motivation: Definition, Features, Objectives, Path-Goal Theory of Leadership (Explained), Group: Definition, Functions, Types of Groups, inspires the group to accomplish organizational goals, help define a group or organizational culture, Likert’s Four Styles of Managerial Leadership, ← Difference Between Transactional and Transformational Leadership. Leadership derives from the power and is similar to, yet distinct from, management. H��Wˎ�Ff��%eX4Y|'+'q2c$,`�,�TI�M�4|��O�_ι�����n�n�ɪ[�q��E�a^Ȋ$bi��5}�yr���:/B~��^Dl���>/�"gi�,I� M�: There can be leaders of completely unorganized groups, but there can be managers only of organized groups. This creates loyalty and trust in subordinates for their leader. @�� As a property, leadership is a set of qualities or characteristics attributed to those who are perceived to successfully employ such influence. Leadership … It is the human factor that binds a group together and motivates it towards goals. ��I��2.A[N#]��bW����3d����Ȳ5��~t�(��0�Δ,������z��\���n��´R~�-��J&N���6�$�XQ��! H�b```�6V���cc`a��� �ޠ����c��K�����W�8&}� *.�z����l���\fS ���l�>=���`��gLԘ��b�L,�1�1]ɩ�]#�X�TA����N��y+��< *+*�*���u1���L�)j 1l��VpD��ܟ�2_�Y��ȅ���'�z ���;^�)v�y|��D�?�����߃���=}��������!2������ ��?�T� Leadership can simply be defined as the ability to influence others. 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